Gingival flap surgery is a procedure in which the gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily to allow a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone. Gingival flap surgery is used to treat gum disease (periodontitis). It may be recommended for people with moderate or advanced periodontitis, especially if the initial, non-surgical treatment (scaling and root planing) has not eliminated the gum infection. It may also be done in conjunction with another procedure known as osseous (bone) surgery. Yoursurge on will first remove all plaque and tartar (calculus) from around your teeth and make sure that your oral hygiene is good. Before flap surgery, your periodontist will determine whether your general health or your current medications allow for a surgical procedure to be carried out.